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Turkish Genealogy Search

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Related Keywords:Turkey, Turkie, Turkiye, Turkish genealogy, Turkic genealogy, Turkish history

Background: Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk, or "Father of the Turks." Under his authoritarian leadership, the country adopted wide-ranging social, legal, and political reforms. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democratic Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy has been fractured by periods of instability and intermittent military coups (1960, 1971, 1980), which in each case eventually resulted in a return of political power to civilians. In 1997, the military again helped engineer the ouster - popularly dubbed a "post-modern coup" - of the then Islamic-oriented government. Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island and has since acted as patron state to the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," which only Turkey recognizes. A separatist insurgency begun in 1984 by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) - now known as the People's Congress of Kurdistan or Kongra-Gel (KGK) - has dominated the Turkish military's attention and claimed more than 30,000 lives. After the capture of the group's leader in 1999, the insurgents largely withdrew from Turkey, mainly to northern Iraq. In 2004, KGK announced an end to its ceasefire and attacks attributed to the KGK increased. Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. In 1964, Turkey became an associate member of the European Community; over the past decade, it has undertaken many reforms to strengthen its democracy and economy, enabling it to begin accession membership talks with the European Union.

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History: The Turks (Turkish: Türkler), or the Turkish people (Türk Halki), are a nation (Millet) defined more by a sense of sharing a common Turkish culture and having a Turkish mother tongue by citizenship, religion or by being subjects to any particular country. Nevertheless, in Turkey proper, Turkishness is also linked to Turkish citizenship, much in the same way as in France. In a historic context the word Turk or Turkish has also a wider meaning, because there are Turks In Balkans, Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia as well as America. Today, the word is primarily used for the inhabitants of Turkey, but may also refer to the members of sizeable Turkish-speaking populations in Greece, Kosovo (Serbia), Romania, Bulgaria, Cyprus and other lands of the former Ottoman Empire, as well as whole Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Caucausus and the ex-Soviet Union. Large Turkish communities have also been established in Western Europe (particularly in Germany), North America and Australia. [from Wikipedia]

Population: 71,158,647 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years: 24.9% (male 9,034,731/female 8,703,624)
15-64 years: 68.1% (male 24,627,270/female 23,857,507)
65 years and over: 6.9% (male 2,253,383/female 2,682,132) (2007 est.)

Religions: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Nationality: noun: Turk(s)
adjective: Turkish

Ethnic groups: Turkish 80%, Kurdish 20% (estimated)

Turkish Genealogy Search Info: This search engine currently searches 20 websites related to doing genealogy on Turkish Ancestry.

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